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Mikrobiom jelitowy drobiu i wsparcie zdrowotności jelit
Aleksandra Dunisławska Maria Siwek

Ogół mikroorganizmów zasiedlających przewód pokarmowy gospodarza nosi nazwę mikrobioty, natomiast zbiorowy genom mikrobioty nazwany jest mikrobiomem. Obecna w jelitach mikroflora zaangażowana jest w procesy, które stanowią o każdym aspekcie życia swojego gospodarza. Mikrobiota przewodu pokarmowego pełni następujące funkcje: moduluje ekspresję genów, metabolizuje leki, neutralizuje związki rakotwórcze, wspomaga wchłanianie związków odżywczych, uczestniczy w metabolizmie węglowodanów w celu pozyskania energii, syntetyzuje hormony, wspomaga układ immunologiczny w rozpoznawaniu patogenów, wytwarza enzymy trawiennie oraz wspomaga zachowanie równowagi w jelitach.
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