Bieżący numer


Zakażenia pałeczkami Salmonella u drobiu i ludzi: aktualne wyzwania i przyszłe kierunki
Agnieszka Marek, Ewelina Pyzik, Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Magdalena Sulikowska

Rodzaj Salmonella obejmuje dwa gatunki S. bongori i S. enterica (38). Największe znaczenie epidemiologiczne ma podgatunek Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica. Serowary zaliczane do tego podgatunku od dawna uznawane są za poważną przyczynę chorób zarówno w krajach rozwiniętych, rozwijających się i słabo rozwiniętych, co świadczy o znaczeniu tych bakterii w kontekście zachorowalności i śmiertelności u ludzi (6).
1.            Ahmer B. M. M., Gunn J.S. 2011. Interaction of Salmonella spp. with the intestinal Microbiota Front Microbiol. 2: 101.
2.            Alanis, A. J. 2005. Resistance to antibiotics: Are we in the post-antibiotic era? Arch. Med. Res. 36:697–705.
3.            Anon, 1987. Summary of commercial poultry disease reports, Avian Dis, 31, 926-978.
4.            Baumler, A. J., Tsolis R. M., Heffron F. 1996. The lpf fimbrial operon mediates adhesion of Salmonella typhimurium to murine Peyer's patches. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:279-283.
5.            Beal, R. K., Powers C., Wigley P., Barrow P. A., Kaiser P., Smith A. L. 2005. A strong antigen-specific T-cell response is associated with age and genetically dependent resistance to avian enteric salmonellosis. Infect. Immun. 73:7509–7516.
6.            Bell, C. 2002. Salmonella. Pages 307–334 in Foodborne Pathogens: Hazards, Risk Analysis and Control. Blackburn, C. de W., and P. J. McClure, eds. CRC, Boca Raton, FL.
7.            Bishop A. L., Baker S., Jenks S., Fookes M., Gaora P. O., Pickard D., Anjum M., Farrar J., Hien T. T., Ivens A., Dougan G. 2005. Analysis of the hypervariable region of the Salmonella enterica genome associated with tRNAleuX. J. Bacteriol. 187, 2469-2482.
8.            Callaway, T. R., Edrington T. S., Anderson R. C., Byrd J. A., Nisbet D. J. 2008. Gastrointestinal microbial ecology and the safety of our food supply as related to Salmonella. J. Anim. Sci. 86:E163–E172.
9.            Chai, S. J., Mahon B. 2011. Memorandum to record: Foodborne illness from Salmonella and Campylobacter associated with poultry. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C.
10.          Chappel L., Kaiser P., Barrow P., Jones M. A., Johnston C., Wigley P. 2009. The immunobiology of avian systemic salmonellosis. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.128, 53-59.
11.          Collinson S. K, Emödy L., Müller K. H., Trust T.J., Kay W.W. 1991. Purification and characterization of thin, aggregative fimbriae from Salmonella enteritidis. J Bacteriol., 173(15): 4773–4781.
12.          Cox, N. A., J. S. Bailey, L. C. Blankenship, R. J. Meinersmann, N. J. Stern, and F. McHan. 1990. Fifty percent colonization dose for Salmonella Typhimurium administered orally and intracloacally to young broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 69:1809–1812.
13.          Croft, A. C., D’Antoni A. V., Terzulli S. L. 2007. Update on the antibacterial resistance crisis. Med. Sci. Monit. 13:RA103–RA118.
14.          D’Aoust, J., Sewell A. M., Greco S. 1991. Commercial agglutination kit for the detection of food-borne Salmonella. J. Food Prot. 54:725–727.
15.          de Oliveira, S. D., Flores F. S, dos Santos L. R, Brandelli A. 2004. Antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella Enteritidis strains isolated from broiler carcasses, food, human and poultry-related samples. Int. J. Food Microb. 97:297–305.
16.          de Sousa C. P. 2003. Pathogenicity mechanisms of prokaryotic cells: an evolutionary view. Brazil. J. Infect. Dis. 7, 23-31.
17.          Dunkley C. S., Callaway T. R., Chalova V. I., Anderson R. C., Kundinger M. M., Dunkley K. D., Nesbit D. J., Ricke S. C. 2008. Growth and genetic responses of Salmonella Typhimurium to pH-shifts in an anaerobic continuous culture. Anaerobe 14:35–42.
18.          European Food Safety Authority and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (EFSA and ECDC). 2019. The European Union One Health 2018 Zoonoses Report. EFSA Journal. 17(12): 35.
19.          Farner, D. S. 1942. The hydrogen ion concentration in avian digestive tracts. Poult. Sci. 21:445–450.
20.          Foley, S. L., Lynne A. M. 2008. Food animal associated Salmonella challenges: Pathogenicity and antimicrobial resistance. J. Anim. Sci. 86:E173–E187
21.          Foley, S. L., Nayak R., Hanning I. B., Johnson T. J., Han J., Ricke S. C. 2011. Population dynamics of Salmonella enterica serotypes in commercial egg and poultry production. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77: 4273–4279.
22.          Gast, R. K., Holt P. S. 1998. Persistence of Salmonella enteritidis from one day of age until maturity in experimentally infected layer chickens. Poult. Sci. 77:1759– 1762.
23.          Humphrrey, T. J., Baskerville A., Whitehead A., Rowe B., Henley A. 1993. Influence of feeding patterns on the artificial infection of laying hens with Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4. Vet. Rec. 132:407–409
24.          Johnston C., Hartley C., Salisbury A.-M., Wigley P. 2012. Immunological changes at point-of-lay increase susceptibility to Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis infection in vaccinated chickens. PLoS ONE, 7, e48195.
25.          Khan, M. I., Fadl A. A.,Venkitanarayanan K. S. 2003. Reducing colonization of Salmonella Enteritidis in chickens by targeting outer membrane proteins. J. Appl. Microbiol. 95:142–145.
26.          Klotchko, A., Wallace M. A. 2011. Salmonellosis treatment and management. Medscape Reference: Drugs, Diseases & Procedures. Accessed Nov 2011.
27.          Kluczek J. P. 1995. Problemy mikrobiologicznego skażenia gleby. Pr. Komis. Nauk Rol. i Biol.; Paluszak Z., Olszewska H., Kluczek J.P.: Skażenie mikrobiologiczne gleby w następstwie stosowania gnojowicy bydlęcej. Pr. Komis. Nauk Rol. i Biol. BTN, 1995, seria B 43: 35-49.
28.          Kłapeć T., Stroczyńska-Sikorska M. 2011. Salmonellozy jako wciąż aktualne zagrożenie środowiskowe dla ludzi i zwierząt. Medycyna środowiskowa, 14(1): 79-84.
29.          Korhonen, T. K. 2007. Adhesins of Salmonella and their putative roles of infection. Pages 53–66 in Salmonella: Molecular Biology and Pathogenesis. Rhen, M., D. Maskell, P. Mastroeni, and J. Threlfall, eds. Horizon Bioscience, Wymondham.
30.          Kuczkowski M., Wieliczko A. 2015. Immunoprofilaktyka salmonelloz u drobiu. Życie Weterynaryjne. 90(01): 28-32.
31.          Lewicki J. 2001. Veterinary drug residues in foodstuffs of animal origin – European Union regulations. Bezpieczna Żywność 1, 45-47.
32.          National Institute of Allergy and Infections Diseases. 2011. Salmonellosis: Complications. Accessed Nov 2011.
33.          Nurmi, E., Rantala M. 1973. New aspects of Salmonella infection in broiler production. Nature 241:210–211.
34.          OIE Mannual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines, 1996. Chapter X.4 Salmonellosis. Office lntemational des Epizooties, Paris, 1997
35.          Pejsak Z., Truszczyński M. 2005. Racjonalne stosowanie chemioterapeutyków w terapii i profilaktyce. Życie Wet. 80, 642-645.
36.          Pickard D., Wain J., Baker S., Line A., Chocan S., Fookes M., Barron A., Gaora P. O., Chabalgoity J. A., Thanky N., Scholes Ch., Thomson N., Quail M., Parkhill J., Dougan G. 2003. Composition, acquisition, and distribution of the Vi exopolysaccharide-encoding Salmonella enterica pathogenicity Island SPI-7. J. Bacteriol. 185, 5055-5065.
37.          Popoff M. Y, Le Minor L. 1997. Antigenic formulas of the Salmonella serovats. 7th revision. WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Salmonella, Institrrt Pasteur, Paris.
38.          Popoff M.Y, LeMinor L.E, Brenner D.J, Kreig N.R, Staley J.T. Genus XXXIII. Salmonella Bergey's Manual of Systemic Bacteriology (2nd Ed), Springer, East Lansing, MI (2005), pp. 764-799.
39.          Rabsch, W., Hargis B. M., Tsolis R. M., Kingsley R. A., Hinz K. H., Tschape H., Baumler A. J. 2000. Competitive exclusion of Salmonella Enteritidis by Salmonella Gallinarum in poultry. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 6:443– 448.
40.          Rzedzickj J., Pawelec M. 1991. Dynamika występowania salmonel urzęsionych u ptaków grzebiących, Mat. VII Symp Drobiarskiego Aspekty zootechniczno-weterynaryjne chowu drobiu grzebiącego ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem indyków. Polanica Zdrój 1991, s 91 -99
41.          Sadler, W. W., Brownell J. R., Fanelli M. J. 1969. Influence of age and inoculums level on shed pattern of Salmonella Typhimurium in chickens. Avian Dis. 13:793– 803.
42.          Salem M., Odor E. M., Pope C. 1992. Pullorum disease in delaware roasters. Avian Dis. 36, 1076-1080.
43.          Sengupta S., Chattopadhyay M. K, Grossart H. P. 2013. The multifaceted roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in nature. Front Microbiol. 12;4:47.
44.          Shivaprasad H.L, Barrow P (2008). Salmonella infections. Pullorum Disease and Fowl typhoid. In: Diseases of Poultry (YM Saif, AM Fadly, JR Glisson, LR McDougald, LK Nolan, DE. Swayne, editors), twelve edition. Blackwell Publishing, Athens, Gerogia, USA. Pp 302-345.
45.          Snoeyenbos, G. H., Weinack O. M., Smyser C. F. 1978. Protecting chicks and poultry from salmonellae by oral administration of “normal” gut microflora. Avian Dis. 22:273–287.
46.          Szmolka A., Kaszanyitzky E., Nagy B. 2006. Improved diagnostic and real-time PCR in rapid screening for Salmonella in the poultry food chain. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 54(3): 297-312.
47.          The European Union Summary Report on Antimicrobial Resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2017/2018.
48.          Thomson, N. R., Clayton D. J., Windhorst D., Vernikos G., Davidson S., Churcher C., Quail M. A., Stevens M., Jones M. A., Watson M., Barron A, Layton A., Pickard D, Kinsley R. A., Bignell A., Clark L., Harris B., Ormond D., Abdella Z., Brooks K, Cherevach I., Chillingworth T., Woodward J., Norberczak H., Lord A., Arrowsmith C., Jagels K., Moule S., Mungall K., Sanders M., Whitehead S., Chabalgoity J.A., Maskell D., Humphrey T., Roberts M., Barrow P. A., Dougan G., Parkhill J. 2008. Comparative genome analysis of Salmonella Enteritidis PT4 and Salmonella Gallinarum 287/91 provides insights into evolutionary and host adaptation pathways. Genome Res. 18: 1624–1637.
49.          Venglovsky J., Placha I., Vargova M., Sasakova N. 1997. Viability of Salmonella typhimurium in the solid fraction of slurry from agricultural wastewater treatment plant stored at two different temperatures. 9th Int. Cong. Anim. Hyg., Helsinki, 2: 805-810.
50.          Weinstein D.L., O’Neill B.L., Hone D.M., Metcalf E.S. 1998. Differential Early Interactions between Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi and Two Other Pathogenic Salmonella Serovars with Intestinal Epithelial Cells. Infect. Immun. 66: 2310–2318.
51.          Wieliczko A., Mazurkiewicz M. 1999. Zakażenia pałeczkami Salmonella u drobiu na Dolnym Śląsku. Medycyna Wet, 55,445-450.
52.          Wigley P., Barrow P., Schat K. A.: The avian reproductive immune system, [w:] Schat K. A., Kaspers B., Kaiser P. (red.): Avian immunology. Elsevier Ltd. 2014, 265-274. World Health Organization. 2011a. Drug-resistant Salmonella. Fact sheet, No. 139. Accessed Oct 2011.
53.          Wu H., Song Z., Givskov M., Doring G., Worlitzsch D., Mathee K., Rygaard J., Hoiby N. 2001. Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutations in lasI and rhlI quorum sensing systems result in milder chronic lung infections. Microbiology, 147: 1105–1113.
54.          Zhang-Barber, L., Turner A. K., Barrow P. A. 1999. Vaccination for control of Salmonella in poultry. Vaccine 17:2538-2545.